U.S. Central Command has responsibility for American
military interests in the most volatile area of the world: the Middle East and
Central and South Asia.
Army Gen. Lloyd J. Austin III -- who took command of Centcom
in 2013 -- has had responsibility for the region during a particularly
On the eve of his retirement, Austin looked at the area and
the way ahead for U.S. Central Command. Last week, Austin passed the U.S.
Central Command flag to Army Gen. Joseph L. Votel during a ceremony at the
command’s MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, headquarters.
That the region is important to America is undisputed. “[The
region] holds over half of the world’s proven oil reserves and plentiful
natural gas reserves,” Austin said in an interview. “There also are three
strategic maritime choke points -- the Strait of Hormuz, the Suez Canal and Bab
el Mandeb Strait.” If freedom of
movement within these waterways is obstructed it can have a significant impact
on the global economy, he added.
The region has a deep history and culture, and three of the
five major religions -- Christianity, Islam Judaism -- sprang from its soil.
“The Central Region is also the most volatile, dynamic and chaotic region of
the world, and this is the result of poor governance, political instability,
poor economic development, large amounts of ungoverned space and a host of
other factors,” the general said.
The United States has core national interests in the Centcom
area of operations, and they cannot be ignored, Austin said. These interests
include the protection of the U.S. homeland, the prevention of the
proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and the free flow of commerce.
Stability in the region is the goal, he said, and the
command stands with international partners to promote cooperation among nations,
to respond to crises, to deter or defeat state and nonstate aggression, and to
The command pushes three simultaneous efforts. “First, you
have to manage the crises at hand,” the general said. “Equally important are
our efforts to prevent other confrontations and situations from becoming
crises. Finally, what you really want to do is to shape outcomes and help to
steer things in that strategically important region in the direction of
increased stability and security.”
Centcom works closely with interagency partners -- the State
Department, U.S. Agency for International Development, the intelligence
community and law enforcement agencies -- and with international partners.
Austin also has been tireless in interacting with his military counterparts
throughout the region, hosting numerous chiefs of defense conferences that
bring the region’s senior military leaders together to discuss important
issues. “Needless to say, [Centcom] is viewed as a very influential and an
important partner throughout the Central Region,” he said.
Since the Arab Spring revolutions in 2011, the region has
been in turmoil. “We are currently supporting the efforts of the Saudi-led
coalition in Yemen,” Austin said. “We maintain pressure on extremist networks
and actively pursue terrorists wherever they are in the region on a daily
The command continues to support coalition operations in
Afghanistan, “where we are helping our Afghan partners to build additional
needed capability, while at the same time preventing that country from once
again becoming a safe haven for al-Qaida and other extremist groups,” the
general said. “We continue to keep a close eye on Iran.”
Finally, he said, the command is fully engaged in the
ongoing operations in Syria and Iraq against the terrorist organization
operating there, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, or ISIL.
Austin said the campaign against the terrorist group is
making significant progress. “Indeed, we are now pressuring ISIL on more fronts
than at any other point in the campaign,” he said. “And, we are going about it
the right way and that is by using indigenous forces and supporting and
enabling their efforts on the ground.”
The campaign has helped to create opportunities for Iraqi
and Syrian forces to take back territory. The support the 66-nation coalition
provides has hit ISIL where it hurts, killing dozens of the terror group’s
senior leaders, smashing the group’s financial infrastructure and slowing the
flow of foreign fighters joining the group. Austin is quite proud of the
counter-ISIL coalition, calling it “the largest coalition since World War II
united against a common enemy.”
ISIL is becoming less capable and increasingly demoralized,
paranoid and prone to defections, the general said. Setbacks in Iraq and Syria
are also causing them to revert to terrorist attacks like the ones launched in
Paris; Ankara, Turkey; San Bernardino, California; and most recently, Brussels.
“While the fight against ISIL remains incredibly complex,
and while the defeat of this enemy will take time and it will not be easy, we
will get it done,” he said.
Austin said the command has dealt with these challenges and
more -- as Centcom confronted the tumult of the Middle East, there were budget
challenges at home.
“In addition to managing a significant number of challenges
throughout the region, we also have made great strides in our efforts to help
our regional partners to build much-needed capacity, and our efforts are paying
off,” he said. “Our regional partners are assuming a greater share of the
security responsibilities in the region.”
Austin noted that five Sunni Arab-led nations took part in
the first airstrikes against ISIL inside of Syria on Sept. 23, 2014. “It was
remarkable to witness, and it was no small feat,” he said. “But they did a
remarkable job, and that was, in large part, a reflection of the increased
interoperability and trust between nations that is achieved through our
These partner-building efforts will continue into the
future, he said.
“Much of what we have set in motion throughout the Central
Region through our various efforts will continue to bear fruit in the coming
months and years,” Austin said. “The fact is that at a strategic-level command,
you necessarily manage sometimes numerous conflicts or crises on a daily basis.
But, beyond that, much of what you’re doing -- the levers that you’re pulling,
the seeds that you’re planting, with the goal of shaping outcomes for the
future -- you won’t likely see the effects of those efforts for months, or even
(Follow Jim Garamone on Twitter: @GaramoneDoDNews)