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Combined Joint Task Force - Operation Inherent Resolve Monthly Civilian Casualty Report

| Dec. 5, 2019

SOUTHWEST ASIA-- Since the beginning of operations in 2014, the Coalition and partner forces have liberated nearly 110,000 square kilometers (42,471 square miles) from Daesh, eliminating their self-proclaimed territorial caliphate and freeing 7.7 million people from Daesh oppression. The Coalition will continue to work with partner forces to deny Daesh any physical space and influence in the region as well as deny Daesh the resources they need to resurge.

The Coalition conducted 34,706 strikes between August 2014 and the end of October 2019. During this period, based on information available, CJTF-OIR assesses at least 1,347 civilians have been unintentionally killed by Coalition actions since the beginning of Operation Inherent Resolve. This number was reassessed in November 2019 to correct administrative errors and to accurately reflect the total number of credibly assessed civilian casualties.

We follow a rigid targeting process for all of our strikes to ensure strict adherence to the Law of Armed Conflict while attempting to avoid collateral damage. Every accidental loss of life is tragic, and it will remain our goal to take all feasible precautions to avoid putting civilians in danger in our pursuit of a ruthless enemy.

In the month of October, CJTF-OIR carried over 73 open reports from previous months and received 63 new reports. CJTF-OIR completed 49 civilian-casualty allegation assessment reports. Out of the 49 completed casualty allegation reports, one report was determined to be credible and resulted in one unintentional civilian death. CJTF-OIR assessed the remaining 46 reports as non-credible and two were duplicates of previous reports. Additionally, there are two reports that had not previously been published that are addressed in this report. Eighty-seven reports are still open, including one that CJTF-OIR had previously closed but reopened due to the availability of new information.

The results of each investigation of an allegation will fall into one of two categories, either "credible" or "non-credible." An assessment of "credible" means that our team investigated the allegation and determined that, based on available evidence, more likely than not, the death was the result of Coalition action. A "non-credible" evaluation means that the information we have to assess the allegation, using our available resources, cannot determine, to the standard of "more likely than not", that the death was the result of Coalition action. There could be a number of reasons for this, to include no corroborating strikes at that time or that location, there was insufficient evidence to support the allegation, or there is simply insufficient or overly vague data in the allegation itself.

It is important to note that while the Coalition has a substantial quantity of data at its disposal to investigate every claim, we welcome any information from any source that will enable us to determine the truth.

Furthermore, we routinely reopen closed investigations based on new information that might help us attain more accurate results.

Credible Reports: in the one incident assessed as credible in October, the investigation assessed that the CJTF-OIR took all feasible precautions, and the decision to strike complied with the law of armed conflict. Coalition forces work diligently to be precise during the planning and execution of strikes to reduce the risk of harm to civilians.

1. October 30, 2015, in Qayyarah, Iraq, via New York Times report. Coalition aircraft conducted an airstrike against a Daesh facility. Regrettably, one civilian was unintentionally killed as a result of the strike. Case # 2349 Location: 38SLE454619

Previously Assessed Credible Report: As part of our CIVCAS process in order to maintain transparency and accuracy, we constantly review our tracker to ensure proper release of information. We saw this case had not been previously listed so it is being listed now.

1. June 2, 2015, in Hawijah, Iraq, via media report. Coalition aircraft conducted an airstrike against a Daesh facility. Regrettably an unknown number of civilians were unintentionally killed as a result of the strike. Case # 49 Location: 38SLE894093 CJTF-OIR cannot confirm the number of casualties through our assessment process.

Non-Credible Reports: after a thorough review of the facts and circumstances of each civilian casualty report, CJTF-OIR assessed the following 46 reports as non-credible. At this time there is insufficient information to assess that, more likely than not, a Coalition action resulted in civilian casualties.

1. September 28, 2014, on the road between Manbij and Jarabulus, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2790/CS008 37SDA048539

2. November 25, 2014, in Binnish, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2791/CS031 37SBV936818

3. January 25, 2015, in Aleppo, Syria, via Airwars report. The allegation provided insufficient detail to identify a specific date, time, or location to search for corroborating Coalition action. 2793/CS047 37SCA351075

4. January 29, 2015, in Tayyani, Syria, via Airwars report. The allegation provided insufficient detail to identify a specific date, time, or location to search for corroborating Coalition action. 2794/CS048 37SFU413734

5. February 3, 2015, in Humaidat, Iraq, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2781/CI037 38SLF188306

6. February 11, 2015, in Kbeibah, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2795/CS054 37SGA121881

7. July 1, 2015, in Safra, Iraq, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2783/CI081 38SLD902956

8. July 1, 2015, in Mosul, Iraq, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2782/CI080 38SLF284206

9. July 7, 2015, in Hatla, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2798/CS092 37SFV090116

10. July 9, 2015, in Abyad Village, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2823/CS095 37SFA398222

11. July 9, 2015, in Palmyra, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2796/CS096 37SDU350426

12. July 9, 2015, in Mosul, Iraq, via Airwars report. The allegation provided insufficient detail to identify a specific date, time, or location to search for corroborating Coalition action. 2784/CI082 38SLF294240

13. July 11, 2015, in Raqqah, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2802/CS099 37SEV008785

14. July 11, 2015, in Raqqah, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2799/CS098 37SEV008785

15. July 11, 2015, in Mosul, Iraq, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2785/CI083 38SLF294240

16. July 13, 2015, in Raqqah, Syria, via Airwars report. The allegation provided insufficient detail to identify a specific date, time, or location to search for corroborating Coalition action. 2800/CS101 37SEV008785

17. July 18, 2015, in Raqqah, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2804/CS103 37SEV008785

18. July 18, 2015, in Majareen, Iraq, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2786/CI085 38SKF956266

19. July 23, 2015, in Aleppo, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2806/CS104 37SCA328084

20. July 25, 2015, in Abu Kamal, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2805/CS106 37SFU752155

21. July 29, 2015, in Ar Rutbah, Iraq, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2787/CI088 37SFS199561

22. July 30, 2015, in Abu Kamal, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2807/CS108 37SFU752155

23. August 6, 2015, in Ar Rutbah, Iraq, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2788/CI090 37SFS199561

24. August 8, 2015, in Ar Rutbah, Iraq, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2789/CI091 37SFS199561

25. August 18, 2015, in Al Qaim, Iraq, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2810/CI092 37SFU833078

26. August 14, 2015, in Talbisah, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2821/CS114 37SBU908579

27. August 14, 2015, in Marwah, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2808/CS113 37SDA456392

28. August 15, 2015, in Raqqah, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2822/CS115 37SEV008785

29. August 19, 2015, in Raqqah, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2816/CS116 37SEV008785

30. August 19, 2015, in Mosul, Iraq, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2811/CI093 38SLF294240

31. August 21, 2015, in Mosul, Iraq, via Airwars report. The allegation provided insufficient detail to identify a specific date, time, or location to search for corroborating Coalition action. 2812/CI094 38SLF294240

32. August 29, 2015, in Al-Bab, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2824/CS119 37SCA670261

33. September 3, 2015, in Mosul, Iraq, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2815/CI100 38SLF293240

34. September 3, 2015, in Jazeera al-Khaldiya, Iraq, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2813/CI101 38SLB628993

35. September 5, 2015, in Tall Birak, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2826/CS121 37SFA835617

36. September 14, 2015, in Ar Rutbah, Iraq, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2819/CI104 37SFS203560

37. September 17, 2015, in Hawijah, Iraq, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2820/CI105 38SLE885097

38. February 3, 2017, in Sarmin, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was determined that, more likely than not, civilian casualties did not occur as a result of a Coalition action. 2475/S422 37SBV948575

39. March 11, 2017, in Al Karama, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was determined that, more likely than not, civilian casualties did not occur as a result of a Coalition action. 983/S498 37SEV251694

40. May 9, 2017, in Abu Kamal, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was determined that, more likely than not, civilian casualties did not occur as a result of a Coalition action. 1457/S697 37SFU762140

41. June 21, 2017, in Raqqah, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was determined that, more likely than not, civilian casualties did not occur as a result of a Coalition action. 2515/S921 37SEV017777

42. June 22, 2017, in Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report. After a review of all available records it was determined that, more likely than not, civilian casualties did not occur as a result of a Coalition action. 2736/AI-24/S982 37SEV020795

43. November 29, 2018, in Al-Kashmah, Syria, via social media report. After a review of all available records it was determined that, more likely than not, civilian casualties did not occur as a result of a Coalition action. 2639 37SFU773330

44. September 3, 2019, in Al-Ezba, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2777/CS1929 37SBV866787

45. September 4, 2019, in Maizeela, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2778/CS1930 37SFV126086

46. September 19, 2019, in Al-Zur, Syria, via Airwars report. After a review of all available records it was assessed that no Coalition actions were conducted in the geographical area that corresponds to the report of civilian casualties. 2779/CS1932 37SFU310880

Previously Assessed Non-Credible Report: As part of our CIVCAS process in order to maintain transparency and accuracy, we constantly review our tracker to ensure proper release of information. We saw this case had not been previously listed so it is being listed now.

1. August 11, 2015, in Atimah, Syria, via self-report. After a review of all available records it was determined that, more likely than not, civilian casualties did not occur as a result of a Coalition action. 68 37SBA923201

Duplicate Reports: The following reports were found to be duplicates of previously assessed Coalition actions.

1. July 8, 2015, in Raqqa, Syria, via Airwars report. The Coalition actions identified in this allegation are duplicates of those in allegation 57 (Credible with one civilian unintentionally wounded, published 22 January 2016). 2801/CS093 37SEV008785

2. August 11, 2015, in Atimah, Syria, via Airwars report. The Coalition actions identified in this allegation are duplicates of those in allegation 68 (Not Credible, published in this report). 2809/CS111 37SBA915208

Open Reports: CJTF-OIR is still assessing 87 reports of civilian casualties.

1. Nov. 7, 2014, near Al-Tanak Oilfield, Syria, via Syrian Human Rights Network report.

2. Dec. 28, 2014, near Jarabulus, Syria, via Airwars report.

3. Jan. 11, 2015, near Deir Ez Zor, Syria, via Airwars report.

4. Jun 18, 2015, near Khanez Village, Syria, via Airwars report.

5. Jul 15, 2015, near Raqqah, Syria, via Airwars report.

6. Aug. 24, 2015, near Mosul, Iraq, via Airwars report.

7. Aug. 29, 2015, near Raqqah, Syria, via Airwars report.

8. Sep. 1, 2015, near Makhul, Iraq, via Airwars report.

9. Sep. 3, 2015, near Ramadi, Iraq, via Airwars report.

10. Sep. 5, 2015, near Anah al Jadidah, Iraq, via Airwars report.

11. Sep. 6, 2015, near Deir Ez Zor, Syria, via Airwars report.

12. Sep. 9, 2015, near Al-Thawrah, Syria, via Airwars report.

13. Sep. 11, 2015, near Al Toub, Syria, via Airwars report.

14. Sep. 13, 2015, near Ma’adan, Syria, via Airwars report.

15. Sep. 16, 2015, near Jadid Akidat, Syria, via Airwars report.

16. Sep 19, 2015, near Raqqah, Syria, via Airwars report.

17. Sep. 20, 2015, near Mosul, Iraq, via Airwars report.

18. Sep. 27, 2015, near Hit, Iraq, via Airwars report.

19. Sep 27, 2015, near Duquq, Iraq, via Airwars report.

20. Sep. 27, 2015, near Mosul, Iraq, via Airwars report.

21. Sep. 29, 2015, near Mosul, Iraq, via Airwars report.

22. Oct. 2, 2015, near Hawijah, Iraq, via Airwars report.

23. Oct. 7, 2015, near Shura, Iraq, via Airwars report.

24. Oct. 8, 2015, near Fallujah, Iraq, via Airwars report.

25. Oct. 18, 2015, near Jadidah, Iraq, via Airwars report.

26. Oct. 18, 2015, near Kisik Junction, via Airwars report.

27. Oct. 27, 2015, near Mosul, Iraq, via Airwars report.

28. Nov. 7, 2015, near Qayyarah, Iraq, via media report.

29. June 1, 2016, near Mosul, Iraq, via Airwars report.

30. Jan. 3, 2017, near Sarmada, Syria, via social media report (previously closed, but reopened due to new information).

31. Jan. 11, 2017, near Saraqib, Idlib, Syria, via Airwars report.

32. Mar. 27, 2017, near Sarmada, Idlib, via Airwars report.

33. Apr. 28, 2017, near al-Tabaqah, Syria, via Airwars report.

34. June 6, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

35. June 9, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

36. June 9, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

37. June 9, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

38. June 13, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

39. June 17, 2017, near Hawijah al-Swafi, Raqqah, Syria via Airwars report.

40. June 21, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

41. July 2, 2017, near Al Soor, Syria via Airwars report.

42. July 4, 2017, near Tal al-Jayer, Syria, via Human Rights Watch.

43. July 7, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

44. July 13, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria via Airwars report.

45. July 23, 2017, near Nazlet Shahata, Syria via Airwars report.

46. Aug. 1, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

47. Aug. 1, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

48. Aug. 10, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

49. Aug. 11, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Airwars report.

50. Aug. 14, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

51. Aug. 15, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

52. Aug. 16, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

53. Aug. 16, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

54. Aug. 19, 2017, near Al-Helo, Syria, via Human Rights Watch.

55. Aug. 22, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Airwars report.

56. Sept. 4, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria via Airwars report.

57. Sept. 5, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

58. Sept. 10, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

59. Sept. 18, 2017, near al Mrashdah village, Albu Kamal, Syria, via Airwars report.

60. Sept. 23, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

61. Sept. 25, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

62. Sept. 27, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

63. Oct. 3, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

64. Oct. 3, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

65. Oct. 8, 2017, near Raqqah, Syria, via Amnesty International report.

66. Oct. 10, 2017, near Deir Ez Zor, Syria via self-report.

67. Oct. 13, 2017, near Husaybah, al Qaiem, Iraq via Airwars report.

68. Nov. 26, 2017, near Daranj, Syria, via Airwars report.

69. Nov. 28, 2017, near El Qata, Syria, via self-report.

70. Dec. 5, 2017, near al-Jarthi, Syria, via Airwars report.

71. Dec. 22, 2017, near Hajin, Syria, via Airwars report.

72. Feb. 6, 2018, near al-Shafaa, Syria, via self-report.

73. May 27, 2018, near al-Soussa, Syria, via Airwars report.

74. June 4, 2018, near Al-Helo, Syria, via Human Rights Watch.

75. Nov. 17, 2018, near Abu al-Hasan, Syria, via Syrian Observatory for Human Rights report.

76. Dec. 10, 2018, near al-Kashmah, Syria, via social media report.

77. Jan. 3, 2019, near Al-Shafah, Syria, via social media report (previously closed, but reopened due to new information).

78. Jan. 3, 2019, near al-Khuskhieh, Syria, via Human Rights Watch.

79. Jan. 10, 2019, near al-Shajlah, Syria, via self-report.

80. Feb. 10, 2019, near Omer Oil fields, Syria, via media report and Airwars report.

81. Feb. 11, 2019, near al-Baghouz, Syria, via social media report and Airwars report.

82. Feb. 12, 2019, near al-Baghouz, Syria, via social media report.

83. Mar. 2, 2019, near al-Baghouz Fawqani, Syria, via self-report.

84. Mar. 13, 2019, near al-Baghouz, Syria, via Airwars report.

85. Mar. 18, 2019, near al-Baghouz Fawqani, Syria, via self-report.

86. Aug. 31, 2019, near Kafr Jasil, Syria, via Airwars report.

87. Sep. 20, 2019, near Dhiban Town, Syria, via Airwars report.